Caroline Cox, a member of the British House of Lords and also CEO of an organisation called Humanitarian Aid Relief Trust (HART), released a Briefing Report today (9 February 2018) addressing the ongoing attacks against the Christian community in Northern Nigeria.
Her statement is reproduced in full below.
Escalation of attacks against Christians in northern Nigeria
Briefing report, February 2018
In December 2017, dozens of Christians in Northern Nigeria were killed by Nigerian
Government air attacks. Witnesses described helicopters and jets bombing houses and
The air raids took place as villagers were also being attacked by Islamist Fulani herdsmen.
According to human rights group Amnesty International, 86 people were killed, with many
more seriously injured. They spoke to 15 witnesses, concluding:
“As the herdsmen shot people and torched homes, and the air raid resulted in fire,
it was not possible to establish how much of the death and destruction was a direct
result of the air attacks or attributable to the attack by herdsmen.
“Witnesses involved in the identification and burial of the victims said that 51 had
gunshot or machete wounds, while the remaining 35 died as a result of the
Hassan John, one of our partners in Nigeria, told us:
“I have spoken to so many witnesses who confirmed the report by Amnesty
International. The situation is so tragic and what is most disappointing is the army,
rather than admitting error, make the poor communities feel like they are liars in
addition to their pains.”
Dawson Tufano, a retired judge from Dong village, said the Fulani Herdsmen came in
large numbers chanting “Allahu Akbar”:
“While our local vigilantes were in a fierce battle with the herdsmen, aircraft came
from nowhere and started throwing bombs on our villages, abetting the herdsmen
to kill several people, while many others were injured as houses and properties
were completely razed due to the Air Force bombings.”
A farmer who witnessed the bombardment said:
“The helicopter and the jet started releasing bombs. Houses started burning.
Children started running for their lives. Mothers packed up their children and
escaped with them. We men were unable to fight back and we started running too.
This jet burnt our houses and properties to ashes.”
The Adamawa State Chapter of the Christian Association of Nigeria, in a statement said,
ten churches were targeted and destroyed in the attack, “to discourage Christianity and
to silence Christians from free religious practice.”
Statement from the Catholic Bishops Conference of Nigeria
“Violent attacks by unscrupulous persons, among whom are terrorists masquerading as
herdsmen, have led to a near civil war situation in many parts of the country.
“We are saddened that, repeatedly, innocent citizens in different communities across the
nation are brutally attacked and their sources of livelihood mindlessly destroyed. Lives are
wasted and property, worth billions of Naira, including places of worship, schools,
hospitals and business enterprises, are torched and turned to ashes.
“We are still more saddened by the recent massacre of unarmed citizens by these terrorists
in some communities in Benue, Adamawa, Kaduna and Taraba states which has caused
national shock, grief and outcry.
“The silence of the federal government in the wake of these horrifying attacks is, to say
the least, shocking. There is a feeling of helplessness among the people and the danger
that some people may begin to take laws into their hands.
“We, therefore, earnestly urge the government to take very seriously its primary
responsibility of protecting the lives and property of its citizens and ensure that such
mindless killings do not recur. Herdsmen may be under pressure to save their livestock and
economy but this is never to be done at the expense of other people’s lives and means of
Statement from Osai Ojigho, Director, Amnesty International Nigeria
“The government must totally overturn its response to these deadly clashes to avoid this
crisis getting out of control. They need to investigate and bring suspects to justice.
“Hundreds of people lost their lives last year, and the government is still not doing enough
to protect communities from these violent clashes. Worse, the killers are getting away with
“In some cases where the Nigerian security agencies did respond to communal violence,
they used excessive or unlawful force resulting in even more deaths and destruction.”
Baroness Cox, CEO, Humanitarian Aid Relief Trust (HART)