14 December 2018
The International Rescue Committee (IRC) has named the countries most at risk of being hit by humanitarian catastrophe next year. Top of the list is Yemen, followed by the Democratic Republic of Congo and then South Sudan.
The next countries are Afghanistan, Venezuela, the Central African Republic, Nigeria, Ethiopia and Somalia. The IRC “responds to the world’s worst humanitarian crises and helps people whose lives and livelihoods are shattered by conflict and disaster to survive, recover, and gain control of their future”.
During 2018, parts of Nigeria experienced repeated attacks by armed groups especially Boko Haram in the northeast, as well as communal violence exacerbated by competition for water and land resources. The communal violence has primarily involved Fulani herdsmen and their cattle destroying farms as they search for grazing land. This problem is more pronounced in central Nigeria, also known as the “Middle Belt”. As a result of these conflicts, over two million Nigerians were displaced internally and nearly 230,000 sought refuge in neighbouring countries.